Consisting of parts of the neck, shoulder blade, and upper arm, the pork butt is a moderately tough cut of pork with a good deal of connective tissue. When shopping for pork, consider these convenient options. The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. The carcass of pig is initially separated into 4 main cuts of pork, which are referred to as primal cuts. The pcc refects the overall supply and demand situation for wholesale pork cuts. Dec 15, 2004 in the old days, lesser cuts of pork were shipped in casks that were also called butts. A vast number of legs of pork go for curing to make hams. The side pork can be kept asis or ground for sausage. Buying and cooking todays lean pork chops or tenderloins can be a challenge.
Therefore cuts of meat vary in energy and nutrients, composition, weight and fat level. What links here related changes upload file special pages permanent link page information wikidata item cite this page. A users guide to usdas pork carcass cutout pdf agricultural. Identifying cuts of meat a carcase of beef, pork or lamb is divided into different cuts which may vary according to the carcase weight and quality. Ground pork the other burger, sausage, blade steak cooking methods blade roastboston butt roast, indirect heat on grill. The next most abundant substance, protein, is a distant second, constituting only about 18 percent of the total.
Interest in the pork harvesting and processing industries has climbed as producers try to capture more of the retail value of the pork they produce. Carcass cutout pcc is the estimated value of a standardized pork carcass. Examples of primals include the round, loin, rib, and chuck for beef or the ham, loin, boston butt, and picnic for pork. Illustration of where to make primal pork cuts just click on any major area of the hog diagram to learn more about those cuts. The center produces rib chops, loin chops and the tenderloin, which runs from the center through the sirloin. Compared to other primal cuts of pork, the loin is pretty lean. The 1992 data were derived from analyses of fresh, raw retail cuts from a nationwide market basket survey of pork from supermarkets in 15 cities across the us. The majority of the pork comes from choice butcher hogs that are about six months old at the age of slaughter. When shopping for pork, consider cutting traditional roasts into a variety of different shapes pork basics upper row lr. Pdf the aim of the present study was to determine the effect of pork carcass backfat thickness on the dissection efficiency of four primal cuts ham. Any cuts from the loin, like pork chops and pork roast are leaner than skinless chicken thigh.
Pdf the aim of the present study was to determine the effect of pork carcass backfat thickness on the dissection efficiency of four primal cuts. Primal, subprimal, and secondary cuts meat cutting and. Meat cutting and processing for food service solr bccampus. Specialty cuts in addition to the traditional pork roasts, chops and ribs, specialty cuts such as prebreaded schnitzels, cutlets, cubes, strips and stu. There are between four and six primal cuts, which are the large parts in which the pig is first cut. Market prices come from usda wholesale pork, lard, and meat and bone meal price reports. Shoulder, middle and ham, frontmatec can offer several solutions for the transport of the primal cuts depending on the requirements of customer. The british, american and french primal cuts all differ in some respects. Shows the cuts and also has a wealth of food safety and cooking information. Pork cut photos, pages 2732, courtesy of the national pork board. Variation in weights of primal pork cuts susanne hermesch1, kristy m.
The loin is the section in between the shoulder and the leg. The pork loin primal includes the loin rib end, loin center, and sirloin. The shoulder, which is a primal cut, can be broken down into two sub primal cuts. The pork leg 4012 has a large proportion of lean meat. Chicken basics chicken parts and processing chicken anatomy 101 processed chickens can be classi. Refer to the pork cut chart and youll see what i mean these high priced cuts all come from the back of the pig, high on the hog. It is by far the fattiest and most succulent pork cut. Pork butt can be roasted or cut into steaks, but it is also wellsuited for braising and stewing or for making ground. The primal cuts of pork as a percentage of carcass weight.
Industryaverage cut yields are updated by usda annually in january based on the results of a survey of packers the previous july. Boston butt is a popular cut for barbecue and braising. The first is a whole skinned hog, and the second is a whole scalded hog. There are between four and six primal cuts, which are the large parts in which.
Variation in weights of primal pork cuts agbu site une. The pork shoulder primal has subprimals of shoulder blade, shoulder picnic, jowl, foot, and hock. Find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Etsy is the home to thousands of handmade, vintage, and oneofakind products and gifts related to your search. The pork carcass cutout pcc is an estimate of the value of a 5354% lean, 205 lb. Ask each participant to take the blue labels with the cuts of meat listed on them and place them in the correct bubble that is at tached to the primary cut located on the pig. Basic cuts pork retail cuts in spanish pdf, 487 kb its actually bilingual, so if you have a cut in mind in english, you can find out what it is. How to take care of your mental health while working from home. A side is onehalf of a dressed carcass that has been split lengthwise from the neck to the tail. Pdf the estimation of pork carcass primal cuts value based on. These are the basic sections from which steaks and other subdivisions are cut. This is a great seasoning for pork butt roasts and pork chops. Four different cuts of pork are sold at the wholesale level. The cuts of pork are the different parts of the pig which are consumed as food by humans.
The pork leg primal includes the leg butt portion, leg shank portion, ham, hock, and foot. These are often sold wholesale, as are other parts of the. The usda nutrient data set for fresh pork from sr introduction nutrient composition data for fresh pork products in the usda national nutrient database for standard reference sr were updated in 2006. In the fabrication process, pork carcasses are broken into primal units which, in turn, are broken into various subprimal cuts. Usda nutrient data set for fresh pork from sr, release 2. Click on the tags below to find other quizzes on the same subject. Pork legs are commonly used for traditional christmas hams as the meat is tender and succulent when prepared by brining, curing, smoked and cooked. Due to its size, it can be merchandised and delivered as whole, in sides, or broken down into primals figure 23. This area is divided to make all your favorite cuts of porkpork chops, pork tenderloins, roasts and ribs. A the species, or kind of meat beef, pork, lamb or veal is listed fi rst on every label. Study 20 terms beef primal cuts flashcards quizlet. Nutrient values from 1992 and 2010 for equivalent cuts were compared statistically using a paired twotailed ttest critical value p subprimal, and secondary cuts beef. The side can then be split into the front quarter and hind quarter. Home pork solutions primal cutting transport of primals transport of primals following the main split of the carcass into the main primal cuts.
C the retail cut blade roast, rib chops, tenderloin tips, etc. From this first series of cuts, known in the trade as primal cuts, a butcher usually at a meatpacking plant in the midwest but sometimes onsite at your market will make the retail cuts that you bring home from the market. Pork belly can be kept fresh and cooked in a variety of ways like seared and braised pork belly, and with all that fat absorbs spices and flavors well, but it is a very rich cut, and just a small amount will do. Pork cuts breakdown and descriptions woven meadows farm. Oct 26, 2015 butchers normally divide this primal cut into various retail cuts, such as pork chops, tenderloin, baby back ribs, etc. Nutrient values from 1992 and 2010 for equivalent cuts were compared statistically using a paired twotailed ttest critical value p pork butt or boston butt. The terminology and extent of each cut varies from country to country. Aug 02, 2018 many of our customers like to get their whole or half hog in primal cuts this allows them to do their own charcuterie and final butchery. Different countries and cultures make these cuts in different ways, and primal cuts also differ between type of carcass. It is the sale of these cuts of pork that pay for the piglet. Pork is the most widely consumed meat in the world oecdfao 2017. The primal cutting line is for capacities between 100 and 1,500 pigs per hour and with the possibility of handling carcass deviations. The amount of fat is highly variable, but commonly ranges from 4 to 10.
Despite what its name might indicate, the pork butt, also called the boston butt, comes from the upper shoulder of the hog. Broiler a chicken raised for its meat, as distinguished from a layer, which is a chicken that lays eggs for the table. All trimmed cuts of pork, except ribs, qualify as a lean or extra lean source of protein as recommended by canadas food guide. In addition to the carcass of the pig, pork knuckles and meat from the head are also butchered and sold for culinary purposes. How prezi does project status updates with a distributed workplace. Before you begin the actual cutting of steaks, chops and roasts on your pig you will need to break down your pig. This cut is made between the 12th and th ribs counting from the front of the animal. Before you begin the actual cutting of steaks, chops and roasts on your pig you will need to break down your pig into primal cuts. Each slide also has a button that, when clicked will show some features of the cut. Bonein blade roast, boneless blade roast lower row lr.
The leg is a lean piece of meat so be careful not to dry it out when cooking. Basic beef, pork, and lamb primal cuts the spruce eats. Since that time, changes in animal husbandry practices and industry procedures have led to the availability of leaner cuts. The automatic primal cutting agol6008001100 offers precise and individual cuts of each pork carcass through measurement of the pork carcass. Legs contribute approximately 22% of the total pork carcass volume. The purpose of this paper is to make pork producers aware of the composition and value variation that could be expected given a specific set of parameters that represent the type of hogs marketed in the u. Apr 15, 2010 both shoulder cuts commonly require long and slow cooking to reach a desired tenderness. Big collection of cliparts, vectors, illustration and vector arts. Pork for chili, pork burger ground pork 96% lean 4% fat 159. Easter ham, pork chops for the sunday dinner, and bacon to greet you in the morning for. A visual guide before you shop for pork, its helpful to understand some basic information as well as the primal cuts from which the retail cuts are butchered.
Hermesch and others published variation in weights of primal pork cuts. Although there are these variations, retail cuts of meat are influenced by the. In addition to the web version, this book is available in a number of file formats including pdf, epub. Those that dont are dressed as fresh pork cuts include leg steaks and roasting joints which can be on the bone or boned, rolled and tied. Characteristics of pork cuts pork cuts come from four main areas. Notice that a picture will notify students when the primal cut region changes.
I had hoped that, being canadian, there would be a french version, but there isnt. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. For visual reference, it might also help to know that a butt was a unit of measure equal to two hogsheads. To file a complaint of discrimination, write to usda, director, office of civil. Because the shoulder has a large amount of connective tissue, it requires long and slow cooking. These are portions that meet uniform standards for beef, veal, pork, and lamb.
Nutritional information for food service pork cuts. Although there are these variations, retail cuts of. Primal cuts are made of muscle, fat, and bone that are further broken down into 18 subprimal cuts. The beef chuck primal is the animals shoulder and accounts for approximately 26 percent of the carcass weight. These start with the sirloin, tenderloin, loin roast, loin chops and the boston butt. Try fresh canadian pork characteristics of pork cuts pork cuts come from four main areas.
Dec 11, 20 best of borough market epic whole pig bbq roast pig roast pork sandwich london street food duration. No matter what youre looking for or where you are in the world, our global marketplace of sellers can help you find unique and affordable options. This publication is available in pdf from the extension online store at. Pork processing options for consumers kstate animal science. There is a printable worksheet available for download here so you can take the quiz with pen and paper. Specialty cuts in addition to the traditional pork roasts, chops and ribs, specialty cuts such as prebreaded schnitzels, cutlets, cubes, strips and stuffed roasts are becoming more popular. Chapter 12 meats, poultry, and fish 255 structure muscle tissue components water is the primary constituent in muscle. Carcasses and meat cuts specification world trade organization. Prediction of pork belly fatness from the intact primal. Side this cut refers to the lowerrib area or the belly, which is where bacon and spareribs come from. Usda estimated composite pork carcass cutout an overview. Pork for chili, pork burger ground pork 84% lean 16% fat 246. New concepts in pork carcass and primal cuts merchandising. B the primal wholesale cut chuck, rib, loin, round, etc.187 558 735 440 1389 487 121 176 363 1231 857 144 102 1313 1610 1367 965 1228 1155 611 698 77 1014 647 879 1551 1091 33 1521 781 283 648 915 170 94 871 488 594 655 956 568 560 239 465 725